Query: NC_009668:445134 Ochrobactrum anthropi ATCC 49188 chromosome 2, complete sequence Lineage: Ochrobactrum anthropi; Ochrobactrum; Brucellaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Soil bacterium that can cause opportunistic infections. Ochrobactrum anthropi is an opportunistic human pathogen usually causing infection in association with indwelling medical devices, such as catheters and drainage tubes. This organism and related species have also been isolated from soil, activated sludge, and plants. Ochrobactrum anthropi is a Gram-negative, anaerobic, motile bacterium. A common soil bacteria, it was originally considered as an opportunistic pathogen, causing infections in immunocompromised patients, patients with indwelling catheters or peritoneal dialysis but it is now emerging as a more and more important nosocomial pathogen. The first case of human infection was described in 1980. It has been isolated from blood, the urogenital tract, respiratory tract and eyes, and it can be part of the normal intestinal flora. It is resistant to many antibiotics, especially the beta-lactams.
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General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Fresh water, Groundwater. Dehalococcoides sp. GT was isolated from an chloroethene-contaminated aquifer. This strain can dechlorinate trichloroethene and vinyl chloride. This organism was isolated from environments contaminated with organic chlorinated chemicals such as tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethane (TCE), common contaminants in the anaerobic subsurface. There are at least 15 organisms from different metabolic groups, halorespirators, acetogens, methanogens and facultative anaerobes, that are able to metabolize PCE. Some of these organisms couple dehalogenation to energy conservation and utilize PCE as the only source of energy while others dehalogenate tetrachloroethene fortuitously. This non-methanogenic, non-acetogenic culture is able to grow with hydrogen as the electron donor, indicating that hydrogen/PCE serves as an electron donor/acceptor for energy conservation and growth. This organism can only grow anaerobically in the presence of hydrogen as an electron donor and chlorinated compounds as electron acceptors. Dehalococcoides ethenogenes is typically found at sites contaminated with chlorinated solvents, and have been independently isolated in dozens of sites across the USA.