Query: NC_009667:1076718 Ochrobactrum anthropi ATCC 49188 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Ochrobactrum anthropi; Ochrobactrum; Brucellaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Soil bacterium that can cause opportunistic infections. Ochrobactrum anthropi is an opportunistic human pathogen usually causing infection in association with indwelling medical devices, such as catheters and drainage tubes. This organism and related species have also been isolated from soil, activated sludge, and plants. Ochrobactrum anthropi is a Gram-negative, anaerobic, motile bacterium. A common soil bacteria, it was originally considered as an opportunistic pathogen, causing infections in immunocompromised patients, patients with indwelling catheters or peritoneal dialysis but it is now emerging as a more and more important nosocomial pathogen. The first case of human infection was described in 1980. It has been isolated from blood, the urogenital tract, respiratory tract and eyes, and it can be part of the normal intestinal flora. It is resistant to many antibiotics, especially the beta-lactams.
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General Information: Lawsonia intracellularis PHE/MN1-00 was isolated from intestinal mucosal lesions in pigs that had proliferative enteropathy (PE). When introduced into health pigs, this organism produced the clinical and histological signs of PE. Causative agent for proliferative enteropathy in swine. This organism causes proliferative enteropathy (ileitis) in swine and other domesticated animals resulting in severe losses each year. This obligate intracellular pathogen infects the mucosa of the lower intestinal tract by initially infecting crypt cells, which are precursors that normally grow and divide in order to replace the epithelial cells. Once infection occurs, the crypt cells are stimulated to grow and divide abnormally, resulting in the proliferative phenotype. In severe cases of the disease the entire bowel can become affected and persist for up to 40 days, greatly affecting the host animal.