Query: NC_009665:3984080 Shewanella baltica OS185 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Shewanella baltica; Shewanella; Shewanellaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: A psychrophilic bacterium. This genus includes species that inhabit a wide range of environments and are capable of utilizing a wide variety of electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration including some insoluble metal oxides while using very few carbon sources such as lactate or acetate. This group of organisms have been studied extensively for their electron transport systems. This species is differentiated from other Shewanella spp. based on its ability to grow at 4 degrees C but not at 37, production of N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, lack of chymotrypsin, and ability to use a variety of complex carbon compounds as carbon and energy sources.
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General Information: Environment: Fresh water; Temp: Mesophile. This is the first cultured species of the proposed new genus "Desulfurispirillum", and the sequencing of its genome will expand the range of experimental approaches that researchers can use to characterize its metabolic pathways for energy production and understand how these pathways are regulated. This organism is notable for its ability to reduce selenate to selenite and further to insoluble elemental selenium, in a process called dissimilatory selenate reduction.