Query: NC_009465:29735 Candidatus Vesicomyosocius okutanii HA, complete genome Lineage: Calyptogena okutanii thioautotrophic gill symbiont; sulfur-oxidizing symbionts; ; sulfur-oxidizing symbionts; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was collected off Hatsushima island in Sagami Bay, Japan. Calyptogena okutanii (deep-sea clam) thioautotrophic gill symbiont. The bivalve marine species Calyptogena okutanii depends on sulfur-oxidizing symbiotic bacteria housed in its gill tissues for its sole nutritional support. The symbiont is transmitted vertically between generations via the clam's eggs. This anaerobic symbiosis oxidizes hydrogen sulfide as an energy source and fixes carbon dioxide into organic compounds.
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General Information: This strain has been developed for worldwide commercial use to control crown gall. This species is used commercially to control crown gall, a tumorogenic plant disease caused by the ubiquitous soil-borne pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens, which affects susceptible woody plants worldwide. The pathogen is responsible for nursery and orchard losses among stone fruit trees, grapes, apples, pears, nut trees, caneberries, clematis, hops, kiwifruit, persimmons, roses and many ornamental annuals, trees and shrubs. Infected plants are usually weakened and unproductive due to their damaged root system.