Query: NC_009465:29735 Candidatus Vesicomyosocius okutanii HA, complete genome Lineage: Calyptogena okutanii thioautotrophic gill symbiont; sulfur-oxidizing symbionts; ; sulfur-oxidizing symbionts; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was collected off Hatsushima island in Sagami Bay, Japan. Calyptogena okutanii (deep-sea clam) thioautotrophic gill symbiont. The bivalve marine species Calyptogena okutanii depends on sulfur-oxidizing symbiotic bacteria housed in its gill tissues for its sole nutritional support. The symbiont is transmitted vertically between generations via the clam's eggs. This anaerobic symbiosis oxidizes hydrogen sulfide as an energy source and fixes carbon dioxide into organic compounds.
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General Information: This organism is the causative agent of Glasser's disease in swine but is usually found as a commensal organism in the upper respiratory tract. Glasser's disease is responsible for significant losses in swine husbandry. The disease was first noted in 1910 by Glasser and the organism requires factor V (NAD - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) growth factor, like H. suis, but not factor X (iron porphyrin) which H. suis requires. Pathogenicity and virulence are often strain specific. Symptoms include fibrinous polyserositis (fibrous inflammation of serous membranes, polyarthritis (inflammation of multiple joints) and meningitis (inflammation of meninges)and pneumonia.