Query: NC_009465:29735 Candidatus Vesicomyosocius okutanii HA, complete genome Lineage: Calyptogena okutanii thioautotrophic gill symbiont; sulfur-oxidizing symbionts; ; sulfur-oxidizing symbionts; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was collected off Hatsushima island in Sagami Bay, Japan. Calyptogena okutanii (deep-sea clam) thioautotrophic gill symbiont. The bivalve marine species Calyptogena okutanii depends on sulfur-oxidizing symbiotic bacteria housed in its gill tissues for its sole nutritional support. The symbiont is transmitted vertically between generations via the clam's eggs. This anaerobic symbiosis oxidizes hydrogen sulfide as an energy source and fixes carbon dioxide into organic compounds.
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General Information: Isolated from the rhizosphere of healthy pea plants in Wisconsin, USA, in 1985. Pathogenic in cystic fibrosis patients. These bacteria present great versatility to adapt to diverse environments, and are capable of degrading pollutants in water and soil, and fixing atmospheric nitrogen. This species include strains isolated from cystic fibrosis patients as well as strains with potential use in biocontrol.