Query: NC_009454:1042592 Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum SI, complete genome Lineage: Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum; Pelotomaculum; Peptococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This type strain was isolated from granular sludge from a thermophilic upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. It was isolated both in pure culture and in co-culture with methanogens. In syntrophic association with hydrogenotrophic methanogens, this species can utilize propionate, ethanol, lactate, ethylene glycol, 1-butanol, 1-propanol, 1-pentanol and 1,3-propanediol. This is the first mesophilic, syntropic propionate-oxidizing species known which is not a member of the delta-proteobacteria.
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General Information: Phytoplasmas inhabit phloem (food-conducting vascular tissue) sieve elements of plants where they cause a variety of diseases. Transmission between plants is via insects that feed on the phloem. Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense was identified in diseased Chardonnay grapevines from South Australia. Symptoms include a yellowing of the leaves and reduced leaf size, which leads to reduced plant size and lower yields.