Query: NC_009454:1042592 Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum SI, complete genome Lineage: Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum; Pelotomaculum; Peptococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This type strain was isolated from granular sludge from a thermophilic upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. It was isolated both in pure culture and in co-culture with methanogens. In syntrophic association with hydrogenotrophic methanogens, this species can utilize propionate, ethanol, lactate, ethylene glycol, 1-butanol, 1-propanol, 1-pentanol and 1,3-propanediol. This is the first mesophilic, syntropic propionate-oxidizing species known which is not a member of the delta-proteobacteria.
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General Information: This organism is the obligate endosymbiont for the tsetse fly Glossina brevipalpis. As Wigglesworthia brevipalpis resides intracellularly, the resulting co-evolution with its host over millions of years has led to a drastic reduction in the bacterium's genome size, resulting in this its inability to survive outside the host. Tsetse fly endosymbiont. This organism is the obligate endosymbiont for the tsetse fly Glossina brevipalpis, Glossina tachinoides, Glossina palpalis palpalis, and Glossina austeni. The tsetse fly is a vector for African trypanosomes, and is the main transmitter of deadly diseases in animals and humans in Africa. The fly feeds on a restricted diet, exclusively consisting of vertebrate blood, and lacks certain metabolic compounds needed for survival and reproduction. To complement this lack in nutrients, the tsetse fly relies mainly on the intracellular bacterial symbiont, Wigglesworthia glossinidia for its viability and fecundity.