Query: NC_009434:608765 Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501, complete genome Lineage: Pseudomonas stutzeri; Pseudomonas; Pseudomonadaceae; Pseudomonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain (A1501; CGMCC 0351) was isolated from rice roots that had been inoculated with strain A15 in a rice paddy in China. It is considered wild-type and has been studied for the nitrogen-fixation process and is used as an inoculant during rice cultivation. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. Pseudomonas stutzeri is a nonfluorescent denitrifying bacterium widely distributed in the environment.
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General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.