Query: NC_009256:3540531 Burkholderia vietnamiensis G4 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Burkholderia vietnamiensis; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: B. vietnamiensis strain G4 (formerly B.cepacia strain R1808) is the best trichloroethene (TCE) co-oxidizing strain yet discovered, having been isolated from an industrial waste treatment facility at Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida, U.S.A. Burkholderia vietnamiensis is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex which contains a number of closely related Burkholderia species. Burkholderia vietnamiensis is commonly isolated from soil and water and has been studied as a plant growth promoting bacterium and as a bioremediation agent for aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene and tolulene.
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General Information: This genus consists of plant-specific yellow-pigmented microbes, some of which are economically important phytopathogens that devastate crops such as citrus plants, rice, beans, grape, and cotton. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.