Query: NC_009255:213245 Burkholderia vietnamiensis G4 chromosome 2, complete sequence Lineage: Burkholderia vietnamiensis; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: B. vietnamiensis strain G4 (formerly B.cepacia strain R1808) is the best trichloroethene (TCE) co-oxidizing strain yet discovered, having been isolated from an industrial waste treatment facility at Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida, U.S.A. Burkholderia vietnamiensis is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex which contains a number of closely related Burkholderia species. Burkholderia vietnamiensis is commonly isolated from soil and water and has been studied as a plant growth promoting bacterium and as a bioremediation agent for aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene and tolulene.
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General Information: This organism was originally isolated from a rice field sample in Thailand. Burkholderia thailandensis is a common soil saprophyte (lives on decaying organic matter in the soil). This bacterium is very similar to the human and animal pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei but appears to be avirulent. Distinguishing the two organisms is very difficult and may depend on using monoclonal antibodies to detect differences in exopolysaccharide production.