Query: NC_009255:1071868 Burkholderia vietnamiensis G4 chromosome 2, complete sequence Lineage: Burkholderia vietnamiensis; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: B. vietnamiensis strain G4 (formerly B.cepacia strain R1808) is the best trichloroethene (TCE) co-oxidizing strain yet discovered, having been isolated from an industrial waste treatment facility at Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida, U.S.A. Burkholderia vietnamiensis is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex which contains a number of closely related Burkholderia species. Burkholderia vietnamiensis is commonly isolated from soil and water and has been studied as a plant growth promoting bacterium and as a bioremediation agent for aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene and tolulene.
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General Information: This bacterium is named after Simona Kahane who discovered the organism as a contaminant in cell cultures at Ber Sheva, in the Negev Desert, Israel, in 1993. Simkania negevensis is a member of the order Chlamydiales and can reside intracellularly and has a slow prolonged developmental cycle. It has a wide geographical and environmental distribution and is associated with pneumonia, bronchiolitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, furthermore, it is completely resistant to penicillin and to bacitracin. The natural hosts of Simkania negevensis bacteria might be amoebae.