Query: NC_009142:2480608 Saccharopolyspora erythraea NRRL 2338, complete genome Lineage: Saccharopolyspora erythraea; Saccharopolyspora; Pseudonocardiaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Source of the antibiotic erythromycin. Saccharopolyspora erythraea is the soil bacterium that produces the industrially important antibiotic erythromycin A. Erythromycin is a clinically important and potent macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat infections caused by several prokaryotic pathogens such as Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Chlamydia and Legionella. Production of this antibiotic is lower than others in the same class, such as penicillin or cephalosporin, which has led to the development of a genetic system to attempt to enhance the production of erythromycin.
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General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.