Query: NC_009092:4585784 Shewanella loihica PV-4, complete genome Lineage: Shewanella loihica; Shewanella; Shewanellaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain is an environmental isolate from the Naha Vents, Hawaii, in the Pacific Ocean. Psychrotolerant bacterium. This genus includes species that inhabit a wide range of environments and are capable of utilizing a wide variety of electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration including some insoluble metal oxides while using very few carbon sources such as lactate or acetate. This group of organisms have been studied extensively for their electron transport systems. Shewanella loihica is a psychrotolerant deep sea bacterium. This organism is able to reduce iron, manganese and uranium and may be useful for bioremediation at low temperatures.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from agricultural loam (sand, clay, and organic matter) soil in 1988 by Compeau et al. and is well adapted to soil environments. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This organism is a nonpathogenic saprophyte which inhabits soil, water and plant surface environments. If iron is in low supply, it produces a soluble, greenish fluorescent pigment, which is how it was named. As these environmentally versatile bacteria possess the ability to degrade (at least partially) multiple different pollutants, they are studied in their use as bioremediants.