Query: NC_009078:1578500 Burkholderia pseudomallei 1106a chromosome II, complete sequence Lineage: Burkholderia pseudomallei; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from liver abscess from a 23-year old female patient in Thailand in 1993. This species is an opportunistic pathogen and can cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and melioidosis. It is normally found in terrestrial environments and has been recovered from rice paddies and moist tropical soil. It is endemic in Asia and Australia, but can be found in other parts of the world. The organism can exist intracellularly and can spread through the bloodstream (bacteremia)
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General Information: This species was isolated from the kidney of the earthworm Eisenia foetida. Evidence based on curing experiments, Acidovorax-specific probes, and 16S phylogeny, indicate that earthworm egg capsules contain high numbers of the bacterial endosymbiont. Juvenile earthworms are colonized during embryonic development within the egg capsule, and failing this are not likely to acquire the symbiont by association with colonized adults or their bedding.