Query: NC_009076:106807 Burkholderia pseudomallei 1106a chromosome I, complete sequence Lineage: Burkholderia pseudomallei; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from liver abscess from a 23-year old female patient in Thailand in 1993. This species is an opportunistic pathogen and can cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and melioidosis. It is normally found in terrestrial environments and has been recovered from rice paddies and moist tropical soil. It is endemic in Asia and Australia, but can be found in other parts of the world. The organism can exist intracellularly and can spread through the bloodstream (bacteremia).
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General Information: The original was isolated from an inflected cauliflower in Sussex, United Kingdom, in 1958. Strain 8004 is a spontaneous rifampicin resistant strain. Causes black rot disease in crucifers. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.