Query: NC_008787:1463696 Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni 81-176, complete genome Lineage: Campylobacter jejuni; Campylobacter; Campylobacteraceae; Campylobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain (81-176; Penner serotype 23/36) was isolated during an outbreak of campylobacteriosis in Minnesota, USA, due to the consumption of contaminated milk. This organism is the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning (campylobacteriosis) in the world, and is more prevalent than Salmonella enteritis (salmonellosis). Found throughout nature, it can colonize the intestines of both mammals and birds, and transmission to humans occurs via contaminated food products. This organism can invade the epithelial layer by first attaching to epithelial cells, then penetrating through them. Systemic infections can also occur causing more severe illnesses.
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General Information: Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster. Fruitfly endosymbiont. This group of bacteria are associated with a variety of invertebrate species, some as pathogens, some in a symbiotic or other type of relationship. Typically these organisms are transmitted maternally from mother to daughter transovarially (through the egg) although these bacteria can affect their hosts reproductive capabilities in order to enhance transmission. The net outcome is the increase of hosts carrying the bacteria in the next generation, thereby increasing transmission. Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster is an obligate intracellular endosymbiont of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.