Query: NC_008786:1767315 Verminephrobacter eiseniae EF01-2, complete genome Lineage: Verminephrobacter eiseniae; Verminephrobacter; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This species was isolated from the kidney of the earthworm Eisenia foetida. Evidence based on curing experiments, Acidovorax-specific probes, and 16S phylogeny, indicate that earthworm egg capsules contain high numbers of the bacterial endosymbiont. Juvenile earthworms are colonized during embryonic development within the egg capsule, and failing this are not likely to acquire the symbiont by association with colonized adults or their bedding.
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General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.