Query: NC_008752:3511006 Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli AAC00-1, complete genome Lineage: Acidovorax citrulli; Acidovorax; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is the causal agent of bacterial fruit blotch, which was first detected in Florida in 1989. The disease is spread by infested seed, infected transplants, or natural spread from wild hosts. Infected transplants represent the most important means of disease transmission because fruit blotch can spread throughout the transplant operation and can be asymptomatic on older plants, which can lead to high numbers of infected young plants early in the planting season.
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General Information: Causes septicemia and meningitis. The second of two pathogenic Neisseria, this organism causes septicemia and is the leading cause of life-threatening meningitis (inflammation of the meninges, the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord) in children. This organism typically residies in the nasopharynx cavity but can invade the respiratory epthelial barrier, cross into the bloodstream and the blood brain barrier, and cause inflammation of the meninges. Pathogenicity factors include the surface proteins (porins and opacity proteins), and the type IV pilus (which is also found in Neisseria gonorrhoeae). Pathogenicity factors include the surface proteins (porins and opacity proteins), and the type IV pilus (which is also found in Neisseria gonorrhoeae). This organism, like Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is naturally competent, and protein complexes at the cell surface recognize the uptake signal sequence in extracellular DNA, an 8mer that is found at high frequency in Neisseria chromosomal DNA.