Query: NC_008702:3375027 Azoarcus sp. BH72, complete genome Lineage: Azoarcus; Azoarcus; Rhodocyclaceae; Rhodocyclales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a nitrogen-fixing obligate endophyte first isolated from the roots of Kaller grass in the Punjab region of Pakistan. These organisms are never found in root-free soil and colonize root tissues without causing disease. This strain has been shown to express genes involved in nitrogen fixation in root tissue and is thought to provide significant amounts of nitrogen to its host plant.
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General Information: Plant symbiont bacterium. This organism contains a symbiosis island that is responsible for symbiotic relationships with plants (lotus) which is similar to what is observed with other Rhizobia that form similar relationships with legumes. The bacterium enters root nodules and performs nitrogen-fixation for the plant cell while being provided with a protective environment to grow in. Nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation genes are carried on a symbiosis island.