Query: NC_008639:1573971 Chlorobium phaeobacteroides DSM 266, complete genome Lineage: Chlorobium phaeobacteroides; Chlorobium; Chlorobiaceae; Chlorobiales; Chlorobi; Bacteria General Information: Chlorobium phaeobacteroides strain DSM 266 was isolated from a lake in Norway. This species contains several carotenoids, predominated by isorenieratene and beta-isorenieratene. These are necessary for light harvesting and photoprotection, which are important functions in photosynthesis. This species demonstrates a novel type of carotenoid-mediated photoadaptation induced by the change of theta-end and beta-end carotenoid groups, under various light intensities.
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General Information: Isolated from Gilroy Hot Spring. The green sulfur bacteria (GSB; Phylum Chlorobi ) are commonly found in illuminated, stratified, and anoxic aquatic environments, sediments, and other sulfide-rich environments including hot springs. This bacterium has been used to model a variety of enzyme and reaction center pathways, including ATP-citrate lyase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, and the reverse Krebs cycle used in photosynthesis. Now called the "reductive carbolic acid cycle", this was found to be the sole carbon dioxide assimilation pathway in other green sulfur bacteria since its discovery.