Query: NC_008639:1573971 Chlorobium phaeobacteroides DSM 266, complete genome Lineage: Chlorobium phaeobacteroides; Chlorobium; Chlorobiaceae; Chlorobiales; Chlorobi; Bacteria General Information: Chlorobium phaeobacteroides strain DSM 266 was isolated from a lake in Norway. This species contains several carotenoids, predominated by isorenieratene and beta-isorenieratene. These are necessary for light harvesting and photoprotection, which are important functions in photosynthesis. This species demonstrates a novel type of carotenoid-mediated photoadaptation induced by the change of theta-end and beta-end carotenoid groups, under various light intensities.
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General Information: This strain was originally isolated from cabbage. Causes black rot disease in crucifers. This genus consists of plant-specific yellow-pigmented microbes, some of which are economically important phytopathogens that devastate crops such as citrus plants, rice, beans, grape, and cotton. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.