Query: NC_008609:1394377 Pelobacter propionicus DSM 2379, complete genome Lineage: Pelobacter propionicus; Pelobacter; Pelobacteraceae; Desulfuromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Common environmental anaerobe. The genus Pelobacter encompasses a unique group of fermentative microorganisms in the delta-proteobacteria. This species is ubiquitous in both marine and fresh water, and in anaerobic sedmiments. It is able to convert the unsaturated hydrocarbon acetylene to to acetate and ethanol via acetylaldehyde as an intermediate. These microorganisms may survive in some sediments as an Fe(III) or elemental sulfur reducer as well as growing fermentatively as an ethanol-oxidizing acetogen.
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General Information: It was isolated from a marine sediment in the Mediterranean sea near Venice, Italy. It is involved in the anaerobic mineralization of organic matter coming from the water column. Desulfobacterium autotrophicum is capable of growing litho-autotrophically with H2, CO2 and sulfate, but also by coupling sulfate reduction with the oxidation of fatty acids. This organism can transform tetra to dichlormethane.