Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: This Clostridium (HF strain, ATCC 12662) was initially found associated with Methanococcus vannieli in formate-enriched cultures. After its isolation in pure culture, it was shown that this organism is capable of fermenting amino acids. Biochemical studies have shown that C. sticklandii obtains energy for growth from oxidation-reduction reactions between specific amino acid pairs. Clostridium sticklandii is a Gram-positive bacterium with low (G +C) content that is capable of fermenting amino acids.