Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: Causes gastrointestinal disease. This organism is closely related to C. jejuni and C. coli and is a foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and diarrhea. In addition this organism can cause bacteremia and septicemia in immunocompromised individuals. The bacterium is found in a variety of habitats including water environments, and seagulls are considered a reservoir for the organism. Shellfish can harbor the organism when inhabiting water contaminated by seagulls carrying the organism.