Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: Rhodospirillum centenum, also called Rhodocista centenaria, is a nitrogen-fixing photoheterotroph with a complex life cycle. R. centenum is one of the few known thermotolerant purple bacteria species with optimal growth temperature of 44 dgrees C and a maximal growth temperature of 48 degrees C. In liquid media this organism is motile by a single polar flagellum. R. centenum produces lateral flagella to become a swarming cell. Under low nutrient conditions R. centenum forms a desiccation- and UV-resistant cyst. R. centenum can often be cultivated from hot springs such as those found at Yellowstone National Park. R. centenum is emerging as a model organism for genetic and molecular genetic analysis of cyst formation.