Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: Isolated at a depth of 2500 m from the Sulu Trough. High pressure tolerant bacterium. This bioluminescent genus was originally identified in 1878 in association with hake (a marine fish) in Cape Town, South Africa. This species was originally isolated from an amphipod homogenate enrichment from the Sulu Sea. It is a genetically tractable model system for studies of low temperature and high pressure adaptation, and has been used in studies of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acid production under these conditions.