Query: NC_008344:1 Nitrosomonas eutropha C91, complete genome Lineage: Nitrosomonas eutropha; Nitrosomonas; Nitrosomonadaceae; Nitrosomonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Nitrosomonas eutropha C91 was isolated from a sewage disposal plant in Chicago. Ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. This species consists of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria that catalyze the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite and contribute to the global cycling of nitrogen (a process called nitrification). This obligate chemolithoautotroph is studied for that reason.
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General Information: This organism was discovered in 1819 by Bizio who named the organism after the Italian physicist Serrati. It was considered a nonpathogenic organism until late in the 20th century, although pathogenicity was noted as early as 1913. Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic human pathogen that is increasingly associated with life-threatening hospital-acquired infections. It is an environmental organism that has a broad host range, and is capable of infecting vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as plants. In humans, Serratia marcescens can cause meningitis (inflammation of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), endocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys). Many strains are resistant to multiple antibiotics. Environmental isolates are noted by production of the red pigment prodigiosin.