Query: NC_008340:480399 Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei MLHE-1, complete genome Lineage: Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii; Alkalilimnicola; Ectothiorhodospiraceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This chemoautotrophic strain was isolated from Mono Lake in California, which contains arsenic and has high pH and salt concentrations. Arsenite-oxidizing bacterium. Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei is capable of growth with arsenite [As(III)] as the electron donor with nitrate as electron acceptor. It may be responsible for production of arsenate [As(V)] in anoxic lake bottom.
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General Information: This organism was isolated from a cattle tick, Amblyomma variegatum, collected in Ethiopia. This organism, a member of the spotted fever group of the Rickettsiales, is found in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Rickettsia africae causes a flu-like illness, characterized by a mild fever and severe headache, without the skin rash common to other spotted fever group Rickettsia species. Members of this genus, like other Rickettsial organisms such as Neorickettsia and Anaplasma, are obligate intracellular pathogens. In both groups, the bacteria are transmitted via an insect, usually a tick, to a host organism where they target endothelial cells and sometimes macrophages. They attach via an adhesin, rickettsial outer membrane protein A, and are internalized where they persist as cytoplasmically free organisms.