Query: NC_008313:2685531 Ralstonia eutropha H16 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Cupriavidus necator; Cupriavidus; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain (ATCC 17699; H16), formerly Alcaligenes eutrophus was originally isolated from sludge. Cupriavidus necator also known as Ralstonia eutropha is a soil bacterium with diverse metabolic abilities. Strains of this organism are resistant to high levels of copper or are able to degrade chloroaromatic compounds such as halobenzoates and nitrophenols making them useful for bioremediation. Other strains have been studied for their ability to produce polyhydroxybutyrates which have industrial application. Another strain is able to attack other bacteria and fungi when nutrients in the soil are low.
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General Information: The original was isolated from an inflected cauliflower in Sussex, United Kingdom, in 1958. Strain 8004 is a spontaneous rifampicin resistant strain. Causes black rot disease in crucifers. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.