Query: NC_008312:4795204 Trichodesmium erythraeum IMS101, complete genome

Lineage: Trichodesmium erythraeum; Trichodesmium; ; Oscillatoriales; Cyanobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Trichodesmium erythraeum strain IMS101 was isolated from the North Carolina coast in 1992 and grows in straight filaments. Filamentous marine cyanobacterium. This filamentous marine cyanobacterium is a nitrogen-fixing organism that contribues a significant amount of the global fixed nitrogen each year. These bacteria are unusual in that nitrogen fixation takes place in a differentiated cell called the diazocyte which is different from the nitrogen-fixing differentiated cell (heterocyst) found in other cyanobacteria. The diazocyte is developed in order to protect the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenases and includes a number of changes including production of more membranes and down-regulation of photosynthetic activity during times of peak nitrogen fixation (noontime). This organism gives the Red Sea its name when large blooms appear and is one of the organisms most often associated with large blooms in marine waters.

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BLASTP Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_008789:942309 Halorhodospira halophila SL1, complete genome

Lineage: Halorhodospira halophila; Halorhodospira; Ectothiorhodospiraceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Halorhodospira halophila SL1 was isolated from salt lake mud. Sulfur-oxidizing extreme halophile. This organism, formerly Ectothiorhodospira halophila is alkaliphilic, phototrophic, halophile. This is one of the most halophilic eubacteria known, and produces organic solutes such as glycine betaine, ectoine, and trehalose to balance the osmotic pressure. This organism oxidizes sulfide to sulfur, which is deposited outside the cell and further oxidized to sulfate. This organism also produces a blue light sensor called photoactive yellow protein which is involved in signal transduction.