Query: NC_008260:2340824 Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2, complete genome Lineage: Alcanivorax borkumensis; Alcanivorax; Alcanivoracaceae; Oceanospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This bacterium was isolated from a seawater sediment sample in the North Sea. The species is able to use Mihagol-S (C14,15-n-alkanes) as a principal carbon source. Using n-alkanes as a sole carbon source causes the strains to produce extracellular and membrane-bound surface-active glucose lipids. Phenotypic analysis showed a restricted nutritional profile, high halotolerance, the absence of fermentative metabolism, and a low G+C content. This, in combination with a 16S phylogenetic study, allowed the placing of this organism into a new genus.
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General Information: This organism is the causal agent of bacterial fruit blotch, which was first detected in Florida in 1989. The disease is spread by infested seed, infected transplants, or natural spread from wild hosts. Infected transplants represent the most important means of disease transmission because fruit blotch can spread throughout the transplant operation and can be asymptomatic on older plants, which can lead to high numbers of infected young plants early in the planting season.