Query: NC_008260:2340824 Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2, complete genome Lineage: Alcanivorax borkumensis; Alcanivorax; Alcanivoracaceae; Oceanospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This bacterium was isolated from a seawater sediment sample in the North Sea. The species is able to use Mihagol-S (C14,15-n-alkanes) as a principal carbon source. Using n-alkanes as a sole carbon source causes the strains to produce extracellular and membrane-bound surface-active glucose lipids. Phenotypic analysis showed a restricted nutritional profile, high halotolerance, the absence of fermentative metabolism, and a low G+C content. This, in combination with a 16S phylogenetic study, allowed the placing of this organism into a new genus.
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General Information: This strain is a marine gamma-proteobacterium that was isolated from decaying Spartina alterniflora, a salt marsh cord grass, in the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 has been used to produce ethanol from plant material and may be useful for the production bioethanol. Bacterium able to degrade complex carbohydrates. Saccharophagus degradans is capable of degrading insoluble complex carbohydrates through the collective action of enzyme complexes found on its cell surfaces, utilizing the degradation products as a carbon source. This organism may be useful in bioremediation. The degradative enzymes this organism produces are typically exoenzymes that are collected and organized into large surface complexes termed cellulosomes.