Query: NC_007954:1823085 Shewanella denitrificans OS217, complete genome Lineage: Shewanella denitrificans; Shewanella; Shewanellaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from the Gotland Deep, an anoxic basin in the central Baltic Sea in 1986 from a depth of 120-130 m. Denitrifying marine bacterium. This genus includes species that inhabit a wide range of environments and are capable of utilizing a wide variety of electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration including some insoluble metal oxides while using very few carbon sources such as lactate or acetate. This group of organisms have been studied extensively for their electron transport systems. Shewanella denitrificans is a vigorous denitrifier, able to convert nitrite and nitrate to nitrogen. This organism has been isolated from seawater and may play a significant role in nitrogen cycling in marine environments.
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General Information: This is a clinical strain isolated in 1996 in Osaka, Japan. It contains a type III secretion system which may enable colonization and penetration of the host intestinal epithelial layer, and possibly lead to septicemia. The genome contains multipe chromosomal rearrangements as compared to Vibrio cholerae. The organism also produces a hemolysin (thermostable direct hemolysin - TDH) that is particular to Vibrio parahaemolyticus. This genus is abundant in marine or freshwater environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas; regions that provide an important reservoir for the organism in between outbreaks of the disease. Vibrio can affect shellfish, finfish, and other marine animals and a number of species are pathogenic for humans. This species causes food poisoning (gastroenteritis) in countries that have elevated levels of seafood consumption such as Japan.