Query: NC_007907:960104 Desulfitobacterium hafniense Y51, complete genome Lineage: Desulfitobacterium hafniense; Desulfitobacterium; Peptococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from soil contaminated with tetrachloroethene (PCE) in Japan. It can efficiently dehalogenate PCEs via trichloroethene (TCE) to cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cis-1,2-DCE). It can also dehalogenase tetra-, penta-, and hexachloroethanes. Hydrocarbon dehalogenator. This organism can dehalogenate a variety of hydrocarbons and can utilize fumarate, sulfite, and thiosulfate (but not thiousulfate) as terminal electron acceptors. Some important pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) may be degraded by this organism.
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General Information: This strain was isolated in 1989 in North Carolina, USA from a 2-year-old male dog. This organisms causes canine monocytic ehrlichiosis, which is a tick-born disease that causes severe morbidity in domesticated and wild dogs. The brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, transfers the organism from its salivary glands to the animal when feeding. Persistence in the vacuole leads to replication and cell division and eventual release from the cell which leads to further spreading of the bacterium throughout the host. The end result is an increase in platelet count and anemia.