Query: NC_007907:4692336 Desulfitobacterium hafniense Y51, complete genome Lineage: Desulfitobacterium hafniense; Desulfitobacterium; Peptococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from soil contaminated with tetrachloroethene (PCE) in Japan. It can efficiently dehalogenate PCEs via trichloroethene (TCE) to cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cis-1,2-DCE). It can also dehalogenase tetra-, penta-, and hexachloroethanes. Hydrocarbon dehalogenator. This organism can dehalogenate a variety of hydrocarbons and can utilize fumarate, sulfite, and thiosulfate (but not thiousulfate) as terminal electron acceptors. Some important pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) may be degraded by this organism.
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General Information: Obligately chemolithoautotrophic, haloalkaliphilic, mesophilic, microaerophilic and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Uses CO2 as a carbon source and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds as an energy source. Utilizes ammonium and urea, but not nitrate or nitrite, as a N-source. Isolated from a full-scale Thiopaq bioreactor in the Netherlands used to remove H2S from biogas. Thioalkalivibrio species are commonly isolated from soda lakes and tend to dominate the microbial community of hypersaline soda lakes. These organisms have a pH optimum of 10 and are able to oxidize hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur. Thioalkalivibrio species have also been isolated from sulfide oxidizing bioreactors which remove sulfide from refinery and natural gas.