Query: NC_007712:1712667 Sodalis glossinidius str. 'morsitans', complete genome Lineage: Sodalis glossinidius; Sodalis; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Sodalis glossinidius is known exclusively in endosymbiosis with tsetse flies. It is maternally transmitted, and is one of the few bacterial endosymbionts of insects that can be cultured successfully in vitro. Genome data reveals a high proportion of pseudogenes in this species, many of which were, in their functional state, involved in defense or transport of carbohydrates and inorganic ions. This suggests a degenerative adaptation to the immunity and restricted nutritional status of the host.
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General Information: Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This organism is highly pathogenic for a variety of insects in both larvae and adults. It was isolated from fruit flies and decaying fruits taken from a sample set obtained from the Island of Guadeloupe and tested for induction of a systemic immune response in Drosophila. Destruction of the insect gut tissue occurs during infection.Analysis of the proteins encoded by the genome indicated a number of potential virulence factors, although a type III secretion system was not found.