Query: NC_007677:1312243 Salinibacter ruber DSM 13855, complete genome Lineage: Salinibacter ruber; Salinibacter; Rhodothermaceae; Bacteroidetes Order II; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: This organism is an extremely halophilic aerobe originally isolated from saltern crystallizer ponds in Spain. These bacteria can coexist in significant colonies with halophilic archaea under saline conditions. In contrast to other bacteria they do not regulate their intracellular salt conditions through proton pumps, but instead their protein makeup has adapted to be functional under high ionic conditions.
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General Information: This species is a green sulfur bacterium which forms sedimentary biofilm layers. It has been shown to be associated with coral killed by Black-Band Disease (BBD) a microbial infection of larger coral species. This is a concern for reef conservationists as the larger species are responsible for coral scaffolds, and their reduction by disease would have considerable impact on the reef structure. While there is currently no cause-and-effect link between Prosthecochloris aestuarii and BBD, the species was found on coral which was killed by the disease and was not found on healthy coral or in the surrounding seawater.