Query: NC_007645:6013242 Hahella chejuensis KCTC 2396, complete genome Lineage: Hahella chejuensis; Hahella; Hahellaceae; Oceanospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from marine sediment from Cheju Island, Republic of Korea. Hahella chejuensis is a slight halophile with an optimum salinity of 2%. This organism produces a large amount of exopolysaccharide, which has potential as an emulsification agent.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from human gingiva. This organism is associated with severe and chronic periodontal (tissues surrounding and supporting the tooth) diseases. Progression of the disease is caused by colonization by this organism in an anaerobic environment in host tissues and severe progression results in loss of the tissues supporting the tooth and eventually loss of the tooth itself. The black pigmentation characteristic of this bacterium comes from iron acquisition that does not use the typical siderophore system of other bacteria but accumulates hemin. Peptides appear to be the predominant carbon and energy source of this organism, perhaps in keeping with its ability to destroy host tissue. Oxygen tolerance systems play a part in establishment of the organism in the oral cavity, including a superoxide dismutase. Pathogenic factors include extracellular adhesins that mediate interactions with other bacteria as well as the extracellular matrix, and a host of degradative enzymes that are responsible for tissue degradation and spread of the organism including the gingipains, which are trypsin-like cysteine proteases.