Query: NC_007520:2305610 Thiomicrospira crunogena XCL-2, complete genome Lineage: Thiomicrospira crunogena; Thiomicrospira; Piscirickettsiaceae; Thiotrichales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a colorless sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Thiomicrospira crunogena is a chemoautotroph commonly isolated from deep sea and shallow-water hydrothermal vents. This organism uses the oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds (thiosulfate, sulfide and sulfur) to generate the energy necessary to fix carbon and plays an important role in the cycling of sulfur in the marine environment.
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General Information: Trichodesmium erythraeum strain IMS101 was isolated from the North Carolina coast in 1992 and grows in straight filaments. Filamentous marine cyanobacterium. This filamentous marine cyanobacterium is a nitrogen-fixing organism that contribues a significant amount of the global fixed nitrogen each year. These bacteria are unusual in that nitrogen fixation takes place in a differentiated cell called the diazocyte which is different from the nitrogen-fixing differentiated cell (heterocyst) found in other cyanobacteria. The diazocyte is developed in order to protect the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenases and includes a number of changes including production of more membranes and down-regulation of photosynthetic activity during times of peak nitrogen fixation (noontime). This organism gives the Red Sea its name when large blooms appear and is one of the organisms most often associated with large blooms in marine waters.