Query: NC_007520:2305610 Thiomicrospira crunogena XCL-2, complete genome Lineage: Thiomicrospira crunogena; Thiomicrospira; Piscirickettsiaceae; Thiotrichales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a colorless sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Thiomicrospira crunogena is a chemoautotroph commonly isolated from deep sea and shallow-water hydrothermal vents. This organism uses the oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds (thiosulfate, sulfide and sulfur) to generate the energy necessary to fix carbon and plays an important role in the cycling of sulfur in the marine environment.
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General Information: This is the type strain for this organism, which was isolated from a hydrothermal vent at a depth of 1300 m from the Lo'ihi Seamount southeast of Hawaii. This organism grows optimally in salt concentrations of 7.5 to 10%. Genome comparison has suggested that the bacterium has maintained its amino acid transport and degradation systems but lost sugar transport and certain sugar metabolic genes suggesting that it lives on amino acids rather than sugars. This may be in keeping with the environment this organism grows in, which is at hydrothermal deep sea vents that are characterized by collections of proteinaceous particles. This organism may colonize these particles by producing exopolysaccharides.