Query: NC_007508:4283750 Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria str. 85-10, complete genome Lineage: Xanthomonas euvesicatoria; Xanthomonas; Xanthomonadaceae; Xanthomonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Typically characterized as environmental organisms and are found in soil and water, as well as plant tissues. Plant pathogen. This organism can be divided into three strains, pepper race 1 which causes disease in all peppers, pepper race 2 which causes a limited disease in peppers that have a specific resistance gene, and a tomato strain which causes a limited disease in all peppers, Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria strain 85-10 is a pepper race 2 strain.
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General Information: This organism was discovered in 1819 by Bizio who named the organism after the Italian physicist Serrati. It was considered a nonpathogenic organism until late in the 20th century, although pathogenicity was noted as early as 1913. Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic human pathogen that is increasingly associated with life-threatening hospital-acquired infections. It is an environmental organism that has a broad host range, and is capable of infecting vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as plants. In humans, Serratia marcescens can cause meningitis (inflammation of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), endocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys). Many strains are resistant to multiple antibiotics. Environmental isolates are noted by production of the red pigment prodigiosin.