Query: NC_007508:4283750 Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria str. 85-10, complete genome Lineage: Xanthomonas euvesicatoria; Xanthomonas; Xanthomonadaceae; Xanthomonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Typically characterized as environmental organisms and are found in soil and water, as well as plant tissues. Plant pathogen. This organism can be divided into three strains, pepper race 1 which causes disease in all peppers, pepper race 2 which causes a limited disease in peppers that have a specific resistance gene, and a tomato strain which causes a limited disease in all peppers, Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria strain 85-10 is a pepper race 2 strain.
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General Information: This type strain came from a Chinese patient in Burma who had glanders in 1944. Causes glanders in horses. This organism is rarely associated with human infection, and is more commonly seen in domesticated animals such as horses, donkeys, and mules where it causes glanders, a disease first described by Aristotle. The pathogen is host-adapted and is not found in the environment outside of its host. Rapid-onset pneumonia, bacteremia (spread of the organism through the blood), pustules, and death are common outcomes during infection. No vaccine exists for this potentially dangerous organism.