Query: NC_007484:1229899 Nitrosococcus oceani ATCC 19707, complete genome Lineage: Nitrosococcus oceani; Nitrosococcus; Chromatiaceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Found in marine or saline environments. Ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. This species, along with Nitrosococcus halophilus, are ammonia-oxidizing bacteria found within the gamma subdivision of Proteobacteria. This organism has two surface layers, and produces a central stack of intracytoplasmic membranes (flattened vesicles).
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General Information: This strain (originally 5636/77) was isolated from a diarrheic patient in 1977 and minimally passaged. This organism is the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning (campylobacteriosis) in the world, and is more prevalent than Salmonella enteritis (salmonellosis). Found throughout nature, it can colonize the intestines of both mammals and birds, and transmission to humans occurs via contaminated food products. This organism can invade the epithelial layer by first attaching to epithelial cells, then penetrating through them. Systemic infections can also occur causing more severe illnesses.