Query: NC_007181:1238806 Sulfolobus acidocaldarius DSM 639, complete genome Lineage: Sulfolobus acidocaldarius; Sulfolobus; Sulfolobaceae; Sulfolobales; Crenarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Sulfolobus acidocaldarius DSM 639 was isolated from and acidic hot spring in Yellowstone National Park. Extreme thermoacidophilic sulfur-oxidizing archaeon. This organsim is an extreme thermoacidophilic, sulfur-oxidizing archaeon commonly found in hot springs growing at very high temperatures. This obligate aerobe is immotile and grows at a temperature of 55-85 degrees C with optimal growth at 70-75 degrees C. The pH for growth is 1-6 with an optimum pH 2-3.
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General Information: This organism, which was the first strictly aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon sequenced, was isolated from a coastal solfataric (volcanic hydrothermal area that gives off sulfuric gases) thermal vent at Kodakara-Jima Island, Japan in 1993. Aeropyrum pernix is an aerobic hyperthermophile. This organism grows between 70 and 100 degrees C , with optimal growth at 90-95 degrees C, pH 5-9 with a optimum of pH 7.0, and a salinity of 3.5%. This organism is highly motile and cells are often surrounded by pili-like appendages. Doubling time is 200 minutes in optimal growth conditions. It does not require sulfur-containing compounds for growth, and thus does not form hydrogen sulfide during growth.