Query: NC_006831:4500 Ehrlichia ruminantium str. Gardel, complete genome Lineage: Ehrlichia ruminantium; Ehrlichia; Anaplasmataceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe. Obligate intracellular bacterium and causative agent of heartwater. This organism causes heartwater, a disease with a high mortality rate that affects both wild and domesticated ruminants in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Caribbean. The name heartwater refers to the hydropericardium (excessive fluid in the sac surrounding the heart) commonly found associated with infection. This organism is found in membrane-bound vacuoles in endothelial cells and neutrophils and is an obligate intracellular parasite.
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General Information: Neorickettsia risticii str. Illinois was isolated from horse blood in Maryland, USA. Neorickettsia risticii, formerly Ehrlichia risticii, is an obligate intracellular bacterium related to the Rickettsia. It can be transmitted from flukes that infest snails, fish or aquatic insects to horses by ingestion. This organism causes Potomac horse fever, also knows as equine monocytic ehrlichiosis, an acute diarrheal disease.