Query: NC_006677:1596560 Gluconobacter oxydans 621H, complete genome Lineage: Gluconobacter oxydans; Gluconobacter; Acetobacteraceae; Rhodospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Industrially useful bacterium. Gluconobacter oxydans is a member of the Acetobacteraceae family within the alpha proteobacteria and can be isolated from flowers, fruits, and fermented beverages. This organism uses membrane-associated dehydrogenases to incompletely oxidize a wide variety of carbohydrates and alcohols. Oxidation occurs in the periplasm with the products being released into the medium via outer membrane porins and the electrons entering the electron transport chain. Able to oxidize large amounts of substrates, making it useful for industrial purposes. Among other applications, it has been used to produce 2-ketogluconic for iso-ascorbic acid production, 5-ketogluconic acid from glucose for tartaric acid production, and L-sorbose from sorbitol for vitamin C synthesis.
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General Information: Desulfovibrio desulfuricans subsp. desulfuricans str. ATCC 27774 was isolated from the rumen of a sheep. D. desulfuricans reduces sulfate to sulfide found in soil, freshwater, saltwater and the intestinal tract of animals. This organism grows anaerobically and utilizes a wide variety of electron acceptors, including sulfate, sulfur, nitrate, and nitrite, as well as others. The nitrate reduction pathway is not expressed while sulfate is available. Alternatively, the sulfate reduction pathway is constitutively expressed when the cells are growing with nitrate reduction. A number of toxic metals are reduced, including uranium (VI), chromium (VI) and iron (III), making this organism of interest as bioremediator. Metal corrosion, a problem that is partly the result of the collective activity of this bacterium, results in billions of dollars in losses each year to the petroleum industry. This organism is responsible for the production of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas in marine sediments and in terrestrial environments such as drilling sites for petroleum products.