Query: NC_006274:4563455 Bacillus cereus E33L, complete genome Lineage: Bacillus cereus; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain (originally ZK, now E33L; Ethosha National Park, Namibia; isolate number 33; Large colony) was isolated from a swab of a dead zebra carcass in April, 1996. Soil microorganism that can cause food poisoning. This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL contributes to the diarrheal disease and destructive infections of the eye.
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General Information: This strain is a strongly adherent, slime-producing, pathogenic strain isolated from a patient with intravascular catheter-associated sepsis. Common skin bacterium. Staphylcocci are generally found inhabiting the skin and mucous membranes of mammals and birds. Some members of this genus can be found as human commensals and these are generally believed to have the greatest pathogenic potential in opportunistic infections. This organism is the most prevalent and persistent Staphylococcus species on human skin. Has emerged as a common cause of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, including catheter-associated infections and septicemia, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Highly resistant to many antibiotics including penicillins and cephalosporins.