Query: NC_005140:660305 Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 chromosome II, complete sequence Lineage: Vibrio vulnificus; Vibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This is a Biotype 1 hospital isolate from Taiwan. It contains larger chromosomes and >1000 genes as compared to Vibrio cholerae and contains a conjugative plasmid, pYJ016. There are numerous virulence factors including a cytolysin, protease, capsular polysaccharide as well as iron-uptake systems encoded in the genome. This genus is abundant in marine or freshwater environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas; regions that provide an important reservoir for the organism in between outbreaks of the disease. Vibrio can affect shellfish, finfish, and other marine animals and a number of species are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this species are opportunistic pathogens that can attack immunocompromised patients and causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of mucous membranes of stomach and intestine), wound infections, and primary septicemia (spread of the organism through the blood). This organism is the major cause of death from eating raw oysters, especially in people with liver damage. It only affects humans and other primates.
- Sequence; - BLASTP hit: hover for score (Low score = Light, High score = Dark); - hypothetical protein; - cds: hover for description
General Information: This strain is a human passage derivative of Haemophilus ducreyi strain 35000 that is serum-resistant. Causative agent of chancroid. A group of organisms that are either obligate parasites or commensal organisms found in animal mucous membranes. Almost all species require the presence of important growth factors found in the blood of their hosts, including either X factor (protoporphyrin IX or heme) or V factor (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD or NADP)). This organism is an obligate human pathogen that causes the sexually transmitted disease chancroid (ulcer of the genital region) and it enhances the transmission of HIV (which enhances Haemophilus ducreyi transmission in turn). This organism is an apparent extracellular pathogen that resists phagocytosis. Some of the virulence factors include an outer membrane serum resistance protein, as well as two toxins, cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) and hemolysin, both of which contribute to tissue destruction.