Query: NC_005125:3420270 Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421, complete genome Lineage: Gloeobacter violaceus; Gloeobacter; ; Gloeobacterales; Cyanobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from a calcereous (chalky) rock in Switzerland. Photosynthetic bacterium. This organism is an obligate photoautotroph that lacks thylakoid membranes and probably has its photosynthetic machinery in the cytoplasmic membrane with various components exposed to the periplasm whereas in other cyanobacteria the components are situated in the thylakoid membrane and are exposed to the cytoplasm. This unusual arrangement may be due to the lack of various fatty acids that are found in the thylakoid membrane in other cyanobacteria. It has been predicted that this organism was one of the earliest to diverge from the cyanobacterial line.
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General Information: Environment: Deep sea, Fresh water, Hydrothermal vent; Isolation: Walls of an active deep-sea hydrothermal; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 60 - 80C; Country: Pacific Ocean. This is a thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium isolated from the walls of an active deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney on the East Pacific Rise. This organism grows on mineral salts in the presence of carbon dioxide and hydrogen, reducing nitrate or sulfur to ammonium or hydrogen sulfide, respectively.